IPM Information

Pathology Information:

Species Name: Ceratostoma juniperina Ellis & Everh.


Stem swollen with galls

Penetrates the bark though wounding. Causes abnormal cell division resulting to stem galls. pimple like pycnidia & perithecia develop and discharge conidia and ascospores that cause further infection.

Control methods:
Trunk or root injection with systemic fungicide

Growth stage: Mature tree

Disease name: Ceratostoma stem gall

Synonym: Ceratostoma juniperinum Ellis & Everh.

Host name: Juniperus procera

Host common name: African pencil cedar

Affected part: Stem